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Taylor Brothers - Adelaide Works, Sheffield, UK


 
  J. Taylor & Son - Patented Combination Saw, 24 inch. by Wiktor A. Kuc 1 of 3  

In early 1870s Taylor Brothers announced several new features for various types of saws, including "long" crosscut saws, circular saws and hand saws. One of these designs was a Patented Combination Saw.

The idea of a Combination Saw was not new. It was originally designed and patented in United States by Jackson Gorham in 1856 (patent No. 14,863) and improved by Hiram Smith in 1858 (patent no. 20,313). Both patents were assigned to Henry Disston and saws based on these patents were produced for many years.

Both patents receive patent registration and protection in UK.

Tony Waldis, our friend in UK sent us this image of the Jackson Gorham patent registered in United Kingdom on September 30, 1857.

However, none of the sawmakers in UK designed, patented or produced similar saw capabilities until Taylor Brothers.

The company produced two types of Combination Saws. One variation was a saw named “'Célérité' Patented Combination Rule Saws".

It combined a perforated tooth line and engraved rule at the top edge of the saw. The firm announced them as "the swiftest and easiest cutting saws ever sent into the market." (The Implement and Machinery Review, October 3, 1881).

The perforated saw blade wasn't a new idea either. James E. Emerson introduced two patents addressing saw design with perforated blades in 1867. The first patent, no. 66,692, was awarded on July 7, 1867; and the second patent, no. 71,473, on November 26, 1867. At the time Emerson was a partner and superintendent at the American Saw Company, Trenton, NJ. The company produced a number of circular, "long" crosscut and hand saws based on features described in these patents. Although American consumers didn't embrace these features in handsaws and production shortly ceased, circular and "long" crosscut saws with these features took root and were produced for many years.

Taylor Brothers' second, somewhat cheaper version of the combination saw was one named  "Patent Combination Hand Saw". It didn't have perforations at the tooth line and was designed to serve as a hand saw, a 2-foot rule, and a plated square, which could be used as a straight-edge.

Below is an example of Taylors' Combination Hand Saw.

Data Summary:

Saw Design Blade
Length
Pitch in
PPI
Marking/ Type Handle Screws Estimated Prod. Date
Handsaw 24" 8 PPI
Crosscut
Readable/ Etch Closed Handle
Beechwood
4/1
Split Nuts
1870s - 1880s

The saw combines a saw with a square and a rule.


 
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