the metropolis of steel, the great seat of the world's cutlery
and other hardware, derives its name from the river Sheaf, and
is situate at the conflux of that river with the Don, in the
West Riding of Yorkshire, borders upon Derbyshire, and is near
the eastern side of the mountainous range called the “English
It is included in the Deanery of Doncaster, the Archdeaconry of
the West Riding, and in the Diocese of York. It is at nearly an
equal distance from the eastern and western oceans, in 53 deg.
23 min. north latitude and 1 deg. 29 min. west longitude - is
distant from London, 164 miles N.N.W.; from Edinburgh, 248 s. s.
E.; from Manchester, 38 E. by s. ; and from Derby, 39 N.
is built on gently sloping banks, boldly swelling hills, and
abrupt declivities ; and is surrounded by a large amphitheater
of verdant heights, so that from almost every street its
inhabitants can gaze upon green fields or wood-clad heights;
while, from every eminence in the vicinity, under favorable
circumstances, a beautiful panoramic view is obtained of the
town and suburbs - the meandering rivers of the Den, the Sheaf,
and the Porter, which form three sides of a peninsulated area,
upon which stands the greater part of the town - the mountain
streams of the Rivelin and Loxley - or the bold prominent hills
of Derbyshire, rising one above another until lost in the
It possesses more grand and varied displays of rural scenery,
and affords to its inhabitants more delightful sylvan and
pastoral retreats, than any other manufacturing town in the
The air is salubrious, and epidemic diseases are rare, there
being few parts of the town where the country breezes do not
The parish is about 10 miles in length and averages 3 in
breadth, and has an area of more than 22,000 acres which are
nearly all cultivated. It is divided into six townships, viz.:
Sheffield, Ecolesall Bierlow, Upper Hallam, Nether Hallam,
Brightside Bierlow, and Attercliffe-cum-Darnall. It abounds in
coal, stone, and iron, which, with its numerous streams, form
the very existence of its diversified manufactures, and are the
sources of its wealth.
Sheffield is the capital of Hallamshire, the boundary of which
has never been defined.