In compiling the following brief
account of Sheffield, I have, of course, relied chiefly on the
great work of Joseph Hunter, as edited by Dr. Gatty, which is
likely to remain for some time the standard history of the city.
But I have found a large amount of
interesting and valuable material in the Burgery Accounts of
Sheffield which were so thoroughly edited some years ago by Mr.
J. D. Leader, and also in some of the papers contributed to the
Hunter Archaeological Journal.
Much of the merely statistical
matter given here is taken from Mr. John Berry's book written
for the Sheffield Education Committee an invaluable work for the
use of Sheffield schools. I am once more indebted to Mr. W. T.
Lancaster, F.S.A., for the loan of books and papers from the
library of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society.
Hallamshire must have looked at its
best, its most picturesque, about the time when Cardinal Wolsey
was brought a prisoner to Sheffield, on his way from Cawood, on
that southward journey which ended so suddenly at Leicester.
Sheffield was then a very small
town, nestling in the valley at the foot of a castle which was
already gray with age. Northward stood the still formidable keep
of Conisborough; eastward the castle of Tickhill, and the great
Cistercian house at Roche. To the south-east lay the
Priory of Worksop; the Abbeys of Welbeck and Rufford; the
ancient village of Edwinstowe set in the thicknesses of Sherwood
Forest; the old hall of Hardwick, and the Castle of Bolsover.
South and south-west stretched the
great Peak Forest; in the valley of Sheaf, a little way beyond
the town's walls, stood the Abbey of Beauchief. Westward lay the
romantic dales through which the Derwent and its many small
tributaries flow. West and north-west were Holme Forest and the
great sylvan stretches of Wharncliffe Chace, and the valley of
the Don, and the vast moorlands which still separate Sheffield
from Penistone and Hohnfirth.
J. S. FLETCHER.
HAMBROOK, CHIC HESTER.